What Is Redux?

Introduction to Redux

Redux is a popular state management library for JavaScript applications, particularly those built with the React framework. It was created by Dan Abramov and Andrew Clark, and released in 2015 as an open-source project. Since then, it has gained a lot of popularity among developers and has become a standard tool for state management in React applications.

What is Redux?

Redux is a predictable state container for JavaScript applications. It provides a centralized store for managing the state of the application and a set of rules for updating that state in a predictable way. The core concept behind Redux is that the entire state of the application is kept in a single object called the "store", and changes to that state can only occur through "actions" that are dispatched to the store.

The Redux store is a plain JavaScript object that contains the state of the application. The state is read-only, which means that it cannot be modified directly. Instead, to modify the state, you need to dispatch an action to the store. An action is a plain JavaScript object that describes the change that you want to make to the state. The store then applies the action to the current state and generates a new state.

Is Redux still useful for React applications?

Redux is still a very useful tool for managing the state of React applications. While it is true that React has its own state management system, it is often not enough for complex applications. Redux provides a centralized store that can be accessed from anywhere in the application, making it easy to share state between different components. It also provides a set of tools for debugging and monitoring the state of the application, which can be very helpful in large-scale projects.

One of the main benefits of using Redux is that it makes the state of the application predictable. Because all state changes must go through the store, it is easy to trace how the state changes over time. This makes it easier to debug and test the application, as well as to understand how it works.

Redux also promotes good practices for handling state in applications. By forcing you to dispatch actions to change the state, it helps you avoid directly modifying the state, which can lead to hard-to-debug bugs. It also encourages you to keep your state as normalized as possible, which can help make your application more efficient and easier to maintain.

Getting started with Redux

If you're new to Redux, getting started can be a bit daunting. However, there are many resources available to help you get up to speed. The official Redux documentation is a great place to start, as it provides a comprehensive guide to the library, including tutorials, examples, and API documentation.

There are also many third-party libraries and tools available that can help simplify the process of working with Redux. Some popular ones include:

  • React-Redux: A library that provides bindings between React and Redux, making it easy to connect your React components to the Redux store.
  • Redux-Thunk: A middleware that allows you to write asynchronous actions in Redux.
  • Redux-Saga: A library for managing side effects (such as API calls) in Redux applications.


Redux is a powerful tool for managing the state of JavaScript applications. While it can be challenging to learn at first, it provides a predictable and efficient way to manage state that can be invaluable in large-scale projects. If you're working on a React application and find yourself struggling to manage state, consider giving Redux a try. With the right approach and tools, it can help make your application more maintainable, efficient, and easier to debug.

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